A programming language is a set of instructions (syntax) written by programmers that computers use to build software. Programming languages are used to develop websites and software, automate tasks, and conduct data analysis.
There are many styles of coding languages, such as imperative, functional, and object-oriented. Programmers can choose the style that best suits their project needs.
C is the most widely used programming language in the world. It is a general-purpose, portable, and easy to understand programming language that can be used to build applications for a wide variety of hardware architectures.
It is also the base of many other coding languages, including C++, Java, and Python. It is used to create a wide range of operating systems, application software, and microcontroller firmware.
In 1972, Dennis Ritchie at Bell Labs developed the first version of C to replace the assembly language code that had been used for UNIX kernels and other projects. C was designed to be a low-level, procedural-oriented language that could allow programmers to develop complex programs using fewer lines of code than their predecessors.
As the computer industry advanced in the 1980s, it became more popular for programmers to write their own compilers and create new programming languages. This created demand for a more user-friendly environment, and the C language began to be adapted to meet this need.
The C language has been standardized by a recognized industry organization, and programs written in it are consistent and portable across multiple platforms. It is supported by a large and active community of developers.
It supports dynamic memory allocation, which makes it easier to manage the size of data structures and variable storage at runtime. It also makes it easy to implement and maintain memory-efficient code.
A well-defined logical structure: The syntax of C is straightforward and follows a logical structure, making it easy to read and debug. It uses curly braces to define blocks of code and semicolons to mark the end of statements.
It is a highly portable language: C programs can be compiled to run on all major operating systems and hardware architectures, making it easy to write applications that work with a variety of devices and technologies.
C is a procedural programming language: It is a procedural-oriented programming language that does not support object-oriented programming features such as polymorphism, inheritance, and encapsulation. It is also not as easy to learn and use as other specialized programming languages, such as C++ or Java.
The main disadvantage of C is that it does not support a ‘bug-free’ development cycle: It is not able to catch bugs during the development process, so you have to write your code and then check it for errors in the debugger. This can be difficult for more complex projects.
In 1978, Brian Kernighan and Dennis Ritchie published a book on the C programming language called “The C Programming Language,” which served as an informal specification for the language until its publication as the ANSI C standard in 1990. This standard is still in use and has been adopted by national standards bodies around the world, including the United States, Japan, and Australia.